The next step is to open a stream, which is similar to opening a file. You can specify whether you want audio input and/or output, how many channels, the data format, sample rate, etc. Opening a ''default'' stream means opening the default input and output devices, which saves you the trouble of getting a list of devices and choosing one from the list. (We'll see how to do that later.)
The data structure and callback are described in Writing a Callback Function.
The above example opens the stream for writing, which is sufficient for playback. It is also possible to open a stream for reading, to do recording, or both reading and writing, for simultaneous recording and playback or even real-time audio processing. If you plan to do playback and recording at the same time, open only one stream with valid input and output parameters.
There are some caveats to note about simultaneous read/write: